Citadel of Qaitbay

Citadil of Qaitbay
One of the Mediterranean Sea coasts’ strongest defensive fortresses.
located in the immortal city of Alexandria on the eastern side of the northern

Citadil of Qaitbay

tip of Pharos Island.
And extends out into Alexandria’s harbor from the corniche.
It was designed by a mameluke architect named Qagmas Al-Eshaqy and built-in two years.
It holds a unique position not only because of playing an important role in the fortification system of the city during the 15th century.
But also, because it was constructed on the exact location of one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

Citadil of Qaitbay

Which was destroyed by a series by earthquakes in the 11th and 14th century.
It continued to play a vital role during the Ottoman Empire.

As it was used as a powerful fortress to store and ship weapons in 1517 AD till the next three centuries.
During the French campaign in 1798, the citadel caught the eye of Napoleon Bonaparte, so he seized it with the entire country.
At the 19th century, Muhammad Ali worked in renovating the walls of the citadel.
After it was heavily destroyed by the British naval bombardment and provided the stronghold with modern weapons.
which made the reign of Muhammed Ali the golden era of the citadel.
It has three floors on the first floor there is a big mosque and the second is an octagon containing corridors, halls, and a breathing interior.
While the third and final floor is a large circular room holding the seat of the king.

Qaitbay citadel is the most important fort in Alexandria.
So, the rulers of Egypt cared about it throughout the ages.
In the Mamluk Period, Qansoh Al-Ghuri Increased the strength of its protector and shipped with arms and gear.
When Ottomans opened Egypt in 1517, they used this Citadel as a fort to protect them for three centuries.
Muhammad Ali worked for fortifying Egypt, so he renewed the walls of the castle while he was ruling Egypt.
Because the walls were completely damaged by the British Naval bombardment.
The castle is one of the most beautiful archaeological sites in Egypt.
Also, Egypt has a great civilization and history to discover.

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