Mosque of Ibn Tulun

The Mosque of Ibn Tulun

Mosque of Ibn Tulun, is located in Cairo, Egypt. It is one of the oldest mosques in Egypt as well as the whole of Africa surviving in its full original form,

and is the largest mosque in Cairo in terms of land area. Also It is built around an open square courtyard which allows natural light to travel through,

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The Mosque of Ibn Tulun

The Mosque of Ibn Tulun is considered the second oldest mosque extant in Egypt. It is the only remaining monument in the City of Qata’i’, established in AH 256 / AD 870 as the capital of the Tulunid state in Egypt. The floor plan of the mosque assumes the form of a square,

Also measuring approximately 26,318 sq m. Its architectural layout adheres to the traditional plan for the congregational mosques in the region consisting of an open, square central courtyard measuring approximately 92 m sq.

Also In the middle of the courtyard is an ablutions fountain, an innovation of the Mamluk sultan, Hosam al-Din Lajin (r. AH 696–8 / AD 1297–9) in AH 696 / AD 1296. Four porticoes surround the courtyard,

the largest is the eastern portico (that of the qibla)

finally, consisting of five arcades. As for the other three porticoes, each also of them consists of two arcades. On the north, west and south sides, a large wall surrounds the mosque.